Posts Tagged ‘Research’

UE4 Post Processing Material experiments.

Posted: February 12, 2015 in FMP

I want to try and implement a cellshaded style to my fighting stage. at the very least I would like to add an outline to my assets, this is done through the use of post processing materials. I followed a tutorial (here) to add static to the screen as if it was playing on a video however just following the texture image provided made it hard for me to judge the values and all I had was a cream colored screen.

Post processing screen 3

Post processing screen 4

Post processing screen 2

After tweaking some values i manages to get the static to show round the edge of the screen more of a border than a moving effect though.

Post processing screen 1

I am hoping that I can push this on and figure out how it works so that I can add an outline to my assets though this is not done in the global settings but the assets render settings more specifically the custom depth feature. I have toggled the setting and tried to assign a texture but nothing is changing with the asset so I am looking for a more helpful guide.


Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 1

Persona 5 is my most anticipated game of the year and with the latest trailer showing some game play I thought I would share my thoughts on whats going on.

As soon as it begins the game play footage you can see that it is using the same style the team went with for Catherine and it looks great. It also looks like the protagonists are thief’s this time which is the polar opposite of persona 4 were you played as detectives solving the crime. The mascot character looks like it will be a cat and if it is the teddy character of the group I expect cat burglar puns to be used. Each character has different thief outfits but they all wear masks and in the last scene of the trailer you see the main characters mask set ablaze, engulf him in blue flames, then when the screen goes black you hear the persona summon sound effect from the previous game. This implies that you turn into your persona using your mask which does make sense since personas are facades you put on to deal with different situations and are usually referred to as masks you use to hide behind so including this as the summon mechanic would be taking the metaphor and make it literal. The enemies shown in combat were not shadows but personas, this could mean you have to capture your personas by defeating them. the setting looks like a large city which will make it the largest area setting yet. This has also  influenced the dungeons because they are much more open with platforming and stealth element which is refreshing to see compared to the hallway layout of previous persona titles.

Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 38Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 37Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 36Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 35Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 34Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 30Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 29Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 28Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 12Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 10Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 9Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 8Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 11Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 7Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 6Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 5Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 4Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 3Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 2

The menus in this game are amazing and remind me of the title screen animations they used in Catherine. Each menu is eye grabbing and not just because of the animation but the slick colour scheme choosing to keep it simple having just black and white for the character silhouettes and text with a third colour comprising the back ground and borders. The sharp contrast between colours makes the designs pop grabbing your attention, I cant wait to see what other menu’s are in the game and that’s not something i’m usually drawn to.

Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 33Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 32Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 31Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 27Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 26Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 25Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 24Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 23Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 22Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 21Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 20Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 19Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 18Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 17

The velvet room looks like a jail for the protagonist with the twins that have replaces Margret and Elisabeth watching over your cell. Igor sits on a desk opposite you possibly as a lawyer or your prosecutor.

Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 13Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 16Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 15Persone 5 Trailer Screenshot 14

Seeing all this has made me even more excited for this title however the worrying part about the trailer was the lack of a date at the end. It would have been nice to see a vague 2015 once again to reassure everyone that it is still coming out this year.

What makes you feel attached to objects?


Notes from websites:

“When you’re nostalgic about something, there’s a little bit of a sense of loss—[the moment has] happened, it’s gone—but usually the net result is happiness,” says Clay Routledge, a social psychologist at North Dakota State University.

Nostalgic memories typically entail cherished, personal moments, such as those spent with loved ones. Those memories, in turn, inspire positive feelings of joy, high self-regard, belonging, and meaningfulness in life.

Negative feelings, and specifically loneliness, cause more nostalgic reaction. In another experiment, participants read one of three news stories that contained depressing, neutral, or positive content. A story about a tsunami disaster provoked more nostalgic thoughts than an article about space or a polar bear birth, the researchers found.

“If you’re feeling lonely, if you’re feeling like a failure, if you feel like you don’t know if your life has any purpose [or] if what you’re doing has any value, you can reach into this reservoir of nostalgic memories and comfort yourself,”

What it means:

By looking at this information and by using my own knowledge on the subject I can come to the conclusion that nostalgia is caused by coming in contact with an object or event that makes you remains about the past through either been linked to that time or by been upsetting which makes you long for a better more comforting time in your past.

How to replicate it in a game?

Looking at this information it would suggest that to cause a player to be nostalgic over something in a game it must either link to something in their lives or very quickly create fun enjoyable events so when something bad comes along they will remember the fun causing nostalgia, in theory.

Sources: Link.

Things that could be implemented:

Naming system – Naming a character or object in a game

Small Customisation

Side quests to fined manuals and tools around the world in hidden locations to unlock the ability to perform maintenance and unlock more systems or slight upgrades to the robots performance rewarding the player for their time investment. This investment will be very important in getting the player to feel invested in the mech because of their personal time input.

Does the mech need oil or electricity like how you need to feed a pet? This would give the player more of a responsibility.

Ululu needs to touch the rabbit at different intervals so it does not leave her when she is exploring on foot should this be more of a stroking motion?

Fall asleep with the rabbit curled around you next to the camp fire?

Stage Poll Results.

Posted: December 3, 2014 in FMP
Tags: , ,


Lab: 15 votes



P.e.a.c.h.e.s Palace: 5 votes

Peaches Palace Extended


Clock Tower: 8 votes

Clock Tower Extended


I also got a few more asset suggestions for all stages which will be added to there asset lists. With the lab decided as the final design I decided to put all of the assets I had drawn into UE4 as alpha mapped planes and block out the walls so give a general feel of the space i want to achieve (this is not the correct scale or final positioning):

Lab v1 screenshot 1

Lab v1 screenshot 2

Lab v1 screenshot 4

Lab v1 screenshot 3

I do like the look of the parallaxing look of the 2D and 3D components of the stage and hope it looks much more refined by the end of the project.

With the survey over it occurred to me that having the tally at the bottom of the sheet influenced peoples choices a bit as when one design had a lot of votes people were reluctant to vote against it in fear of losing or that there didn’t seem to be much point voting against it. In the future I would avoid this by keeping the tally in a book or a separate piece of paper so i’m the only one who knows the current scores.


In the 1800’s blacksmiths learned their trade by becoming an apprentice to a master blacksmith. This usually started at age 12 or thirteen.

Blacksmiths process:

Step 1:

A blacksmith works with wrought iron and steel to make utilitarian items such as hinges, tools, chains, etc.

Step 2:

Coal is burned in the forge and bellows blow air into the fire to make it burn hotter. The core temperature can reach 4000 degrees. The metal is heated to about 2000 degrees, then hammered and worked on an anvil into the required shape.

Step 3:

The blacksmith then pounds the hot metal to the shape he wants.

Source: Link.


AQS_4775 Bellows


Blacksmith Research


A video showing how to shoe a horse as this would have been a common job in 1876:


With this basic description of the process a blacksmith would go through and reference images of tools it should be enough to generate assets for a small blacksmiths for the town.

Blood letting:


Bloodletting was used for hundreds of years to help cure illness and restore health, and its popularity thrived in the 19th century. Even though its effectiveness was routinely questioned, the procedure was used for cardiac problems into the 1920s. This brought about the Barber-surgeons. Barbers performed a wide variety of functions. In addition to cutting hair, a barber might pull teeth, perform surgery on minor wounds, amputate limbs or administer leeches.

Source: Link.

1940’s blood letting knife:


1800’s barber surgeons bowl:


Surgery Equipment:

Amputation saws:

1875 Amputation kit:




Medical uniform at the time seems to be a white apron worn over a suit for male doctors.


Chloroform was used to put patients to sleep.

Diluted carbolic acid is an antiseptic used in 1882.


Made by pouring 500ml of boiling water over two tablespoons of leaves, flowers or stems. The plants may be fresh or dried.


barks, roots, tough stems, seeds or wood chips are boiled for half an hour in water to create a liquid.


Is a liquid made with alcohol, and takes longer to preper. The herb is powdered or crushed and put into a glass jar with 30ml of alcohol and 10ml of distilled water. Put a tight lid on it and leave it in a warm place for about two weeks. Store in a cool dark place.


Are solids, made by pounding leaves, flowers or stems to a paste in a mortar; the paste is wrapped in clean muslin and applied to a wound or bruise.


Were once made by pounding herbs into soft fat, such as goose grease, that had been cleaned by boiling in water, and which was scooped off the water when it was cooled.


  • Cinchona – bark used to reduce fever.


  • Ipecacuanha tree – used in cough mixture.


  • Virginia snakeroot.


  • Rubarb.


  • Ginseng, Panax Pseudoginseng, – used for tonics.

5753563653Panax ginseng

  • Panax Quinquefolius – used for tonics, found in North America.


  • Sage, Salvia Officinalis, – used to treat colds, fevers, rheumatism and sooth coughs. Also used as a disinfectant and as a gargle to sooth a sore throat.


  • Thymus, Thymus Vulgaris, – used to help bronchitis, whooping cough or and cough. Thyme oil is a pain killer for tooth ache. It is also a sedative.


  • Golden Rod, Solidago Virgaurea, used to clean wounds, drinking an infusion can help with kidney and bladder stones.


  • Camomile, Matricaria Chamomilla, – used as a strong sedative, drunk as an infusion will also help to heal sore mouths.


  • Night Shade, Atropa Belladonna, – gives attropine, which is a valuable drug in small doses, a large dose will kill.


  • Parsley – used to ease rheumatism.


  • Rosemary – used to help blood circulation.


  • Valerian – used as a sedative.

Valerian Koehler-Schoepke

  • Dandelion – is a diuretin and an aid to digestion.


  • Opium, comes from the White Poppy, Papaver Somniferum, – is a valuable pain killer and sleep inducer as much as morphine and codeine, but in large quantities is a dangerous addictive drug. it is also the source of heroin.


  • Coca Leaves, from the Peruvian Shrub, Erythroxelon Coca, – Chewing on its leaves stops hunger and allows people to run a long distance without pain. it is also the source of cocaine, which is a powerful anesthetic.

download (1)

  • Tobacco – used to help spit out tough phlegm from the stomach, chest and lungs. The seed is very effectual to stop tooth ache. The juice is used to kill head lice and also believed to cure worms.

2085757314_c02bacc81d_b download (2)


The most important information for our project I think is the Barber-surgeons as we was originally thinking that the tavern owner would perform medical duties. with all of the other information on equipment there should be more than enough information to make enough assets to fill a back room operating area.

To start off I looked for a map of the Black Hills territory to get a better idea of the area we were setting the town in.


I then looked into what was going on in 1876 and what the Sioux treaty:

In the spring of 1868 a conference was held at Fort Laramie, in present day Wyoming, that resulted in a treaty with the Sioux. This treaty was to bring peace between the whites and the Sioux who agreed to settle within the Black Hills reservation in the Dakota Territory.

The Black Hills of Dakota are sacred to the Sioux Indians. In the 1868 treaty, signed at Fort Laramie and other military posts in Sioux country, the United States recognized the Black Hills as part of the Great Sioux Reservation, set aside for exclusive use by the Sioux people. In 1874, however, General George A. Custer led an expedition into the Black Hills accompanied by miners who were seeking gold. Once gold was found in the Black Hills, miners were soon moving into the Sioux hunting grounds and demanding protection from the United States Army. Soon, the Army was ordered to move against wandering bands of Sioux hunting on the range in accordance with their treaty rights. In 1876, Custer, leading an army detachment, encountered the encampment of Sioux and Cheyenne at the Little Bighorn River. Custer’s detachment was annihilated, but the United States would continue its battle against the Sioux in the Black Hills until the government confiscated the land in 1877. To this day, ownership of the Black Hills remains the subject of a legal dispute between the U.S. government and the Sioux.

Source: Link

1876 – The Great Sioux War, a series of territorial battles between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and U.S. Army, begins. The war ends a year later, and most remaining Natives are exiled to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma).

(June 25–26) The Battle of Little Bighorn (also known as Custer’s Last Stand) occurs near present-day Crow Agency, Montana. Lieutenant Colonel George Custer and more than 600 cavalry advance on a Native American encampment of 2,000–4,000 Sioux and Cheyenne in the Little Bighorn Valley. In what becomes one of the most famous battles in U.S. history, Custer is killed along with 250 of his men.

I then looked into some of the medical discovery’s from that time:


Medical discovery and disease trends
1847: American Medical Association is founded.
1859: Louis Pasteur suggests in a paper that microorganisms may cause many human and animal diseases.
1865: Claude Bernard publishes Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine, calling for more use of the experimental method in medicine.
1867: Joseph Lister publishes On the Antiseptic Principle in the Practice of Surgery, showing that disinfection reduces post-operative infections.

Regulation of advertising and drugs
1872: U.S. Postmaster General is given authority to forbid use of mail to “persons operating fraudulent schemes,” which constitutes first federal power to regulate misleading advertising.

Source: Link

I also took a list of gunfighters of the west from Wikipedia and filtered through all the dates to get every outlaw and law man that was alive in the time we are doing this will help with wanted posters or adverts:

  • Robert Clay Allison (1840–1887)
  • John Hicks Adams (1820–1878)
  • Seaborn Barnes (1849?–1878)
  • Sam Bass (1851–1878)
  • Richard M. “Dick” Brewer (1850-1878)
  • William “Curly Bill” Brocius (1845–1882)
  • Henry Newton Brown (1857–1884)
  • Billy Claiborne (1860–1882)
  • Billy Clanton (1862–1881)
  • Scott Cooley (1845–1876)
  • Cornelius “Lame Johnny” Donahue (1850–1879)
  • James “Wild Bill” Hickok (1837–1876)
  • “Wild Bill” Longley (1851–1877)
  • Frank Loving (1860-1882)
  • Frank McNab (??-1878)
  • Jim Murphy (1861–1879)
  • Porter Rockwell (1813 or 1815–1878)
  • Tiburcio Vasquez (1835–1875)
  • John Joshua Webb (1847–1882)
  • Ben Cartwright (1825–1910)
  • Charlie Bassett (c.1847–1896)
  • John Billee (??–1890)
  • William “Tulsa Jack” Blake (1859–1895)
  • Rufus Buck (??–1896)
  • John Bull (1836–1929)
  • Seth Bullock (Marshal) (1849-1919)
  • Frederick Russell Burnham (1861–1947)
  • Reuben “Rube” Burrow (1856–1890)
  • Frank M. Canton (aka Josiah Horner) (1849–1927)
  • Jose Chavez y Chavez (1851–1924)
  • Ned Christie (1852–1892)
  • Ike Clanton (1847–1887)
  • Frank Coe (1851-1931)
  • George Coe (1856-1941)
  • Shotgun John Collins (1851–1922)
  • Juan Cortina (aka “The Red Robber of the Rio Grande”) (1824–1894)
  • “Longhair” Jim Courtright (1848–1887)
  • Ben Daniels (1852-1923)
  • Pat Desmond (1842–1890)
  • Bill Doolin (1858–1896)
  • Mart Duggan (1848–1888)
  • William B. Dunn (??–1896)
  • Warren Earp (March 9, 1855 – July 6, 1900)
  • Wyatt Earp (1848–1929)
  • Virgil Earp (1843-1905)
  • Morgan Earp (1851-1882) exception
  • Chris Evans (1847–1917)
  • Jesse Evans (1853–??)
  • Robert Newton Ford (1862–1892)
  • Lige Gardner (1846–c.1901)
  • Pliney Gardner (1835-1893)
  • Patrick “Pat” Floyd Garrett (1850–1908)
  • Devil Anse Hatfield (1839-1921)
  • John Wesley Hardin (1853–1895)
  • Haskay-bay-nay-ntayl “The Apache Kid” (c.1860–??)
  • Marion Hedgepeth (1856–1909)
  • John “Pink” Higgins (1848–1914)
  • John Henry “Doc” Holliday (1851–1887)
  • Tom Horn (1860–1903)
  • Frank Jackson (1856–1930?)
  • Frank James (1843-1915)
  • Jesse James (1847-1882) exception
  • John Kinney (1847–1919)
  • Buckskin Frank Leslie (1848?–1930?)
  • James Andrew “Dick” Liddil (1829–1905)
  • Chris Madsen (1851–1944)
  • Alfred Marlow (1862-1889)
  • Boone Marlow (1864-1889)
  • Charles Marlow (1850-1941)
  • Geroge Marlow (1865-1945)
  • Lewellyn Marlow (????-1889)
  • Martha Jane Keeton Marlow, Sons of Mother (1827 – 1907)
  • Bat Masterson (1853–1921)
  • Lucas McCain (1838-1899)
  • Sherman McMaster (1853–c. 1892)
  • Bob Meeks (??-1912?)
  • Bill Miner (1847–1913)
  • Nick Barkley (1860–1915)
  • Edward Capehart O’Kelley (1858–1904)
  • Commodore Perry Owens (1852-1919)
  • Tom Pickett (1858–1934)
  • Nathanial “Texas Jack” Reed (1862–1950)
  • Bass Reeves deputy U.S. Marshal (1832-1910)
  • George Scarborough (1859-1900)
  • Doc Scurlock (1849–1929)
  • John Selman (1839–1896)
  • Luke Short (1854–1893)
  • Adelbert Denton “Bertie” Slye (1856-1940), member of the Slye-Wilson gang, aka the “Hedgepeth Four””Bertie” Slye, “Illinois Jimmy” Francis and “Dink” Wilson
  • Jefferson Randolph “Soapy Smith” Smith (1860–1898)
  • John Sontag (1861-1893)
  • Myra Maybelle Shirley Reed “Belle Starr” Starr (1848–1889)
  • Tom “Uncle Tom” Starr (1813–1890)
  • Heck Thomas (1850-1912)
  • Billy Thompson (1845-1897)
  • Bill Tilghman (1854–1924)
  • Trino Lee Lopez “U Can Do It” (1852–1894)
  • Henry Clay “Hank” Vaughan (1849–1893)
  • “Texas” Jack Vermillion (1842–1911)
  • Fred Waite (1853-1895)
  • Richard “Little Dick” West (1860–1898)
  • Henry Clay White (??–1900?)
  • Lucius R. “Dink Wilson” (??-1894), member of the Slye-Wilson gang Jim Younger (January 15, 1848 – October 19, 1902)
  • Bob Younger (1853–1889)
  • Cole Younger (1844–1916)

Source: Link

I need to further filter the list into the law men and outlaws and gather more information on them to fined out what sort of bounties they had and what they were famous for.